What is the subject?
Continue From June 24th
*Let’s see how the words and sentences are formed.
*Ox box man girl Hanamkonda
* The above words are formed like this
*Ex: The above word box is formed by taking ‘b’ first then taking ‘o’ and finally x.
*i.e box- it is a word. Every word is formed like that only
*Word: A group of letters is called a word.
*Subject Verb and Object
*SUBJECT: the part which names a person or a thing is called subject
*Generally subject consists of a noun or a pronoun
*But in case of imperative sentences the subject is omitted
*We have to understand the hidden subject is you
*e.g close the door( No subject here)
* we have to understand the hidden subject is you
Noun: names of all the living and non-living beings
Living beings: Ramanujan, Sania , Sachin, Abdul kalam, Parrot, Lion, ..........etc
*Non living beings.. Hyderabad, Chennai, Paris, Sam sung, &. etc
Pronoun: I, We, You, He, She, It, They, his, her, your, our, my, mine, yourself, ourselves, this, that, each, everybody,somebody,what , when, where, whose and how..................etc are pronouns.
*All the nouns and pronouns are used as subject.
Verb: A verb is a word which describes the action or state of a noun or a pronoun. For the formation of sentence the following verbs are used
*Regular verbs and Irregular Verbs
Present Tense(V1) Past Tense (V2)
*Walk Walked Walked
*Laugh Laughed Laughed
*Jump Jumped Jumped
Irregular verbs: it has three different types of verb forms
*Three forms are same
*Three forms are different and
*Two forms are same
*Present Tense Past Tense Past Participle
*Eat Ate Eaten
*Spread Spread Spread
*Keep Kept Kept
Auxiliary Verbs (or) Helping Verbs: these are generally appear before the main verb in a sentence.
*There are four helping verbs
Be forms: am, is,are,was, were
* Has/have forms: has,have,had.
Do forms: do, does, did.
Modal verbs: may, will, shall, can, might, would, should, could.
OBJECT: living and non living things are also come under this section
*It is of two types
DIRECT OBJECT: which is usually the name of something
INDIRECT OBJECT: an indirect object which denotes the person to whom something is given or for whom something is done
*e.g 1. My father gave me a watch
*Here him is indirect object
*Watch is an indirect object
*2.He told me a secret
*Me= Indirect object&..living thing
*Secret=Direct object.,&non living thing
TYPES OF PERSONS
*There are three types of persons in the English. They are
1. First Person 2.Second Person 3.Third Person
Person Singular Plural
First I We
Second You You
Third He,She,It They
LINKING VERBS FOR THE FORMATION OF SENTENCES
SUBJECT: I, WE, YOU, HE , SHE, IT, THEY
VERB(Auxiliary): am, is, are, was, were, has, have, had, will, shall, can, may, would, could, should, might, must, ought, need ,dare
I am use which means the usage of I am is correct
I is never use
I are&..Used in Question Tag instead of am not I
I were&.Used in Subjunctive mood only
I has&never use
I have &.use
NOTE: Generally we never use I are ;but in case of Question tag
We use aren’t I instead of am n’t I because the usage of am n’t I is incorrect
Like wise we never use I were ..it is used only in subjunctive mood.
In subjunctive mood the verb must be plural.
(To be continued)
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