మంగళవారం 11 ఆగస్టు 2020
Nipuna-education - Jul 07, 2020 , 23:33:00

What is the subject?

What is the subject?

Continue From June 24th

*Let’s see how the words and sentences are formed.

*Ox  box  man   girl  Hanamkonda   

* The above words are formed like this

*Ex: The above word box is formed by taking  ‘b’ first then taking ‘o’ and finally x.

*i.e   box- it is a word. Every word is formed like that only 

*Word: A group of letters is called a word. 

*Subject Verb and Object

*SUBJECT: the part which names a person or  a thing  is called subject

*Generally subject consists of a noun or  a pronoun

*But in case of imperative sentences the subject is omitted

*We have to understand the hidden subject is you

*e.g  close the door( No subject here)

* we have to understand the hidden subject is you

Noun: names of all the living and non-living beings

Living beings:  Ramanujan, Sania ,  Sachin,   Abdul kalam, Parrot, Lion, ..........etc

*Non living beings.. Hyderabad, Chennai, Paris, Sam sung, &. etc

Pronoun: I, We, You, He, She, It, They, his, her, your, our, my, mine, yourself, ourselves, this, that, each, everybody,somebody,what , when, where, whose and how..................etc are pronouns.

 *All the nouns and pronouns are used as  subject.

Verb: A verb is a word which describes the action or state  of a noun or a pronoun. For the formation of sentence the following verbs are used

*Regular verbs and Irregular Verbs

Regular verbs:

*e.g 

Present Tense(V1)   Past Tense (V2)                                                    

Past Participle(V3)

*Walk     Walked      Walked 

*Laugh      Laughed     Laughed

*Jump       Jumped       Jumped

Irregular verbs: it has three different types of verb forms

*Three forms are same

*Three forms are different and

*Two forms  are same

*Present Tense Past Tense          Past Participle

*Eat            Ate           Eaten

*Spread      Spread     Spread

*Keep         Kept        Kept

Auxiliary Verbs (or) Helping Verbs: these are generally appear before the main verb in a sentence.

*There are four helping verbs

Be forms: am, is,are,was, were 

* Has/have forms: has,have,had. 

Do forms: do, does, did.

Modal verbs: may, will, shall, can, might, would, should, could.

*Must,ought to

OBJECT:   living and non living things are also come under this section

*It is of two types

DIRECT OBJECT: which  is usually the name of something

INDIRECT OBJECT: an indirect object which denotes the person to whom something is given or for whom something is done

*e.g  1. My father gave me a watch

*Here him is indirect object

*Watch is an indirect object

*2.He told me a secret

*Me= Indirect object&..living thing

*Secret=Direct object.,&non living thing

TYPES OF PERSONS

*There are three types of persons in the English. They are

1. First Person     2.Second Person     3.Third Person

Person Singular Plural

First I We

Second You You

Third He,She,It They 

LINKING VERBS FOR THE FORMATION OF SENTENCES

SUBJECT: I, WE, YOU, HE , SHE, IT, THEY

VERB(Auxiliary): am, is, are, was, were, has, have, had, will, shall, can, may, would, could, should, might,  must, ought, need ,dare 

FIRST   PERSON:

I am use which means the usage of I am is correct

I is never use

I  are&..Used in Question Tag instead of  am not I

I  were&.Used in Subjunctive mood only 

I was&&use

I has&never use

I have &.use

I had&..use

NOTE: Generally we never use I are  ;but in case of Question tag

We use  aren’t I instead of  am n’t I  because the usage of am n’t I is incorrect

Like wise   we never use   I were ..it is used only in subjunctive  mood.

 In subjunctive mood the verb  must be plural. 

(To be continued)


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