What car will they give us?


Wed,October 23, 2019 02:06 AM

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ADJECTIVES

- Adjectives are describing words.
- Adjectives describe Nouns and Pronouns by giving some information about their size, shape, age, colour, origin, material, taste etc. (Noun లేదా Pronoun size, shape, age, colour, origin, material, taste మొదలైనవాటిని గురించి వివరించే పదాలను Adjectives అంటారు.)
Eg: They live in a big house. (size)
She saw a round object. (Shape)
I met an old man. (Age)
Lemons are sour. (Taste)
Vani has a red car. (Colour)
I like Chinese food. (Origin)
I gave here a gold ring. (material)
She is an innocent girl. (opinion)

Types of Adjectives

1) Adjectives of Quality :

- These Adjectives describe the size, shape, colour, form, good qualities, bad qualities, opinions etc. (Noun లేదా pronounల good quality, bad quality, size, shape, colour మొదలైనవాటిని గురించి వివరించే పదాలను Adjectives of Quality అంటారు.)

Eg: She is a small girl.
The earth is round.
Sheela likes blue jeans.
I always take cool water.
is an honest man.
is a dishonest woman.

2) Adjectives of Quantity :

- These adjectives express the quantity of an Uncountable Noun. (ఇవి ఒక uncountable noun పరిమాణాన్ని గురించి వివరిస్తాయి)
- These adjectives generally include :Much, some, whole, more, any, half, little, enough, less, no, sufficient, a lot of, none, all, plenty of etc.
Eg: Do you have any money?

- There was a sufficient rain last year.
I have some water.
He has enough money.
Little progress was made.

3) Adjectives of Number

- These adjectives express the number of an Countable Noun. (ఇవి ఒక countable noun సంఖ్యను గురించి వివరిస్తాయి.)
- These are used to show numbers, like ... One, first, a, few, a few, two, second, an, some, all, three, third, many, several, many etc.
Eg: Some questions were answered.
I have three sisters.
Kamala has a few doubts.
We have many problems.
Several issues were discussed.

4) Demonstrative Adjectives :

- Demonstrative adjectives are words that modify nouns and identify a specific noun or nouns. (నిర్ధిష్టమైన Nounsని గుర్తించడానికి ఉపయోగించే పదాలు)
- The common demonstrative adjectives are ‘This, that, these, those, such’
This book is interesting.
That car is new.
These apples are red.
Those questions are difficult to solve.
Such students will never succeed in the examination.

5) Distributive Adjectives :

- These are used to refer to members of a group as individuals.
- Distributive adjectives are normally used with singular nouns.
- The words, ‘each, every, either, neither’ are called Distributive Adjectives.
Eg:Each boy should bring his dictionary.
Neither road is safe.
Every participant was asked to complete a survey.
Either title is appropriate.

6) Interrogative Adjectives

- These adjectives modify nouns and are used in interrogative sentences (i.e., questions).
(Interrogative sentencesలో ప్రశ్నలు అడగడానికి ఉపయోగించే adjectivesని interrogative
adjectives అంటారు.)
- The words like ‘what, which, whose’.
Eg: Which movie do you like?
Whose book is this?
What car will they give us?

7) Possessive Adjectives

- A possessive adjective modifies a noun or a pronoun to show who (or what) owns something.
- These adjectives show the possession, like the words- My, our, your, his, her, its, their
Eg: My father is a farmer.
Your success depends on your work.
His house is very big.
Our school is very far from here.

Emphasizing Adjectives

- The words used to emphasize a noun are called Emphasizing Adjectives.
(ఒక Noun గురించి నొక్కిచెప్పడానికి ఉపయోగించే పదాన్ని emphasizing adjective అంటారు)
- ‘Very’ and ‘own’ are the most commonly used emphasizing adjectives which are used to emphasize some idea.
Eg: I watched it with my own eyes.
He came on this very day.

Relative Adjectives

- These words are used to modify nouns and introduce subordinate clauses.
- The common relative adjectives are: what, whatever, which, whichever
Eg: I couldn’t remember which book I read.
She will choose what musical the drama club stages this summer.

Clues to Identify Adjectives

- పోటీ పరీక్షల్లో సాధారణంగా adjectivesని గుర్తించమని ప్రశ్నలు అడుగుతారు.
- కింది Suffixesతో ముగిసే పదాలను adjectiveగా గుర్తించవచ్చు.
- Generally, Adjectives end with these suffixes:
i) -able - adorable, comfortable
ii) -ible - visible, edible
iii) -cal - musical, medical
iv) -an - American, Indian
v) -ar - popular, spectacular
vi) -ent - intelligent, silent
vii) -ful - harmful, powerful
viii) -ic - energetic, scientific
ix) -ial - special, artificial
x) -ine - canine, feminine
xi) -ive - informative, native
xii) -less - careless, homeless
xiii) -ous - precious, delicious
xiv) -some -awesome, handsome
xv) -que -unique, antique

Order of Adjectives :

- If more than one Adjective is used in a sentence, the order of Adjectives should be in the following way:
(ఒక Noun గురించి వివరించడానికి ఒకటికంటే ఎక్కువ adjectivesని వాడినప్పుడు, adjectives order కింది విధంగా ఉంటుంది.)
1. Determiner: a, an, the, my, his, your, some etc.
2. Opinion: beautiful, innocent, brave, good, bad etc.
3. Size: huge, big, small, tiny
4. Age: Old, new, ancient, modern
5. Shape: round, square, circular,
6. Colour: red, black
7. Origin: Chinese, Indian, American
8. Material: Silk, gold, silver
9. Purpose: walking, reading, swimming
10. Noun

Eg: i) She is wearing an amazing small red cap.
ii) I met a lovely young Indian girl.
iii) I rent a furnished large old house.
iv) I saw a beautiful small black cat.


Practice Questions

1 . The way was long, the wind was cold, the minstrel was infirm and old. The underlined words are

1) Adverbs
2) Adjectives
3) Verbs
4) Nouns

2. Identify the parts of speech of the underlined words.

I met a little cottage girl.
1) an adjective and a noun
2) An adjective and an adverb
3) Both are adjectives
4) A noun and an adjective

3. There is only.......water in the glass. Please give me some more.

1) many
2) much
3) a few
4) a little

4. She is afraid of ghosts. The underlined word is a/an.

1) Noun
2) Adjective
3) Adverb
4) Adjective

5. Choose the sentence which does not have correct order of adjectives.

1) I bought a beautiful red umbrella.
2) We saw a couple of baby elephants in the zoo.
3) Our grandfather lives in a big stone-built house.
4) Ramya has a red silk nice sari.

6. Choose the sentence that has correct order of adjectives.

1) Usha was born at farm mothers old her house.
2) Usha is dark little a shy girl.
3) There are flowers some beautiful rose white in our garden.
4) It is my new English textbook.

Answers:
1. 2 2. 3 3. 4 4. 2 5. 4 6. 4


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